Avila, Holaday, and Game Calling

Clip art illustration of a Cartoon Tiger with a Missing Tooth

Pitch calling is one of the ultimate black boxes in baseball. Not only is it difficult to discern which pitches are called and in which locations with perfect accuracy, it’s difficult to know who called the pitch, period. The catcher put down the sign, but the pitcher has final say, the coaches could have signaled the choice to the catcher, and the entire group could have outlined a plan of attack before taking the field. Additionally, pitch calling is so dependent on so many contextual factors that it’s hard to tell what the “right” pitch to call would have been. In other words, game calling is very hard to evaluate.

This has always been an interest of mine but after recent comments from Ausmus suggesting that James McCann can’t catch during meaningful innings because he doesn’t know the pitching staff or opposing hitters seems to indicate that Ausmus thinks McCann would call the wrong pitches.

The reason I say this is because 1) Ausmus is specifically worried about McCann on defense and 2) I haven’t heard any concerns about McCann’s actual ability to receive, block, or throw. It’s about working with the pitchers and that indicates that he’s worried about how McCann would call a game given his lack of familiarity.

I think this is silly. McCann is more than capable of doing his homework just like anyone else and he actually does know about half the guys on the staff from time in Toledo. Also, you could just call pitches from the bench if you are so worried about him. Let’s leave that aside and look at something related though. How do Avila and Holaday call a game differently?

We’re just going to use 2014 data here, first from Baseball Savant. There are occasionally PITCHf/x classification issues, but they should be uniform and random errors. Here is the basic breakdown, with the knowledge that they have not caught the same pitchers with the same frequency (FF = Four Seam, FT = Two Seam, CU = Curveball, SL = Slider, CH= Changeup).

Pitch Type Avila Holaday
FF 36.1 37.8
FT 14.8 12.1
CU 9.4 13.2
SL 19.3 16.9
CH 14.3 14.8
Other 6.1 5.2

Right away, the big difference is that Avila calls more sliders and Holaday calls more curves. That’s probably about individual pitchers, but let’s take a look. I’m going to use another data set I have to break it down, but the classifications are basically going to line up. Don’t stress about the exact comparison to the data above, just compare across pitchers.

Here are the percentage of a catcher’s pitchers that came from each main starter:

Pitcher Avila Holaday
Verlander 21.94% 40.27%
Scherzer 19.29% 28.59%
Sanchez 15.79% 15.00%
Porcello 20.57% 6.67%
Price 6.33% 0.00%
Smyly 16.08% 9.47%

You can see Holaday catchers Verlander and Scherzer more often and Avila is a Porcello, Smyly, Price guy with very similar numbers for Sanchez. None of this is surprising, just important to know. Let’s drop out Price because there’s no way to compare something to zero. Pitch type by pitch type. (Note: I don’t think this data is perfect, but it is identically collected so it shouldn’t be wrong between the two. Anything hard is a fastball, splitters and changeups are called changeups).

Pitch Type Avila Holaday
FA 41.5 39.7
CU 16.5 16.9
SL 15.3 12.9
CH 26.7 30.4


Pitch Type Avila Holaday
FA 53.6 54.5
CU 8.9 12.6
SL 15.9 13.3
CH 21.9 19.6


Pitch Type Avila Holaday
FA 46.8 45.1
CU 7.2 15.7
SL 24 20.1
CH 22.4 19.3


Pitch Type Avila Holaday
FA 59.5 58.7
CU 15.4 17.1
SL 11.6 8.1
CH 13.4 16.1


Pitch Type Avila Holaday
FA 64.6 63.3
CU 0 0
SL 31.1 29.6
CH 4.3 6.9

What do we notice? Holaday likes to go to the changeup more than the slider with Verlander. Holaday likes Scherzer’s curveball more than his slider-changeup combination. The same is true with Holaday and Sanchez. Holaday likes Porcello’s slider more than his curve and change. He was also willing to use Smyly’s changeup a bit more too.

I should note that some of this could be driven by the particular opponents and handedness. Also pitchers sometimes don’t have command or feel for a pitch and the catcher can’t call it as much on a certain day. Basically, we have no idea what causes these differences, but the differences exist as such. Over the course of the season, Holaday and Avila seem to be calling slightly different games for their pitchers.

Going deeper than this gets even harder. What were the results on these pitches? In what order did they come? Where did they land in the zone? Oh, and framing and blocking skills. It’s so hard to capture catcher defense.

One thing I will point out, which I find to be a relevant stat is that once each catcher gets into a two strike count this year, the strikeout rate for both is around 38%. There are a lot of factors that go into this, but for me it’s telling. When their pitcher in position to deliver a strikeout, both seem to call the right pitch with equal frequency.

We can dig deeper than this in the future, but it’s very labor intensive. The differences appear small enough that it wouldn’t be hard for McCann to get up to speed about how he is supposed to call pitches for each pitcher. It would only take a little bit of time to go through the history of each pitcher and talk to them about how comfortable they are with certain pitches in certain counts. It’s not like Avila and Holaday are calling the exact same game, how much worse could McCann be?


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